Comment savoir à qui donner ? Nos conseils pour être généreux et efficace, par Franck Ramus
The Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), whose co-founders and co-directors, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, and affiliate Michael Kremer, received the 2019 Nobel Prize in economics, evaluates the effectiveness of public policies and charitable actions through randomised controlled trials. The methodology brings nuance and clarity to the effective altruism movement's questions around the impact of resource provisions for various social programmes. The outcomes of these evaluations are, at times, counterintuitive, yet they shed light on the fact that targeted interventions are often more effective than wide-scale and costlier solutions.